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Edge Effect on Carabid Assemblages Along Forest-grass Transects : Volume 2, Issue 1 (15/02/2001)

By Magura, T.

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Book Id: WPLBN0004023343
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 7
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Edge Effect on Carabid Assemblages Along Forest-grass Transects : Volume 2, Issue 1 (15/02/2001)  
Author: Magura, T.
Volume: Vol. 2, Issue 1
Language: English
Subject: Science, Ecology
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary), Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


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Molnár, T., Magura, T., & Tóthmérész, B. (2001). Edge Effect on Carabid Assemblages Along Forest-grass Transects : Volume 2, Issue 1 (15/02/2001). Retrieved from

Description: Dept. of Zoology, Kossuth L. Univ., Debrecen, P.O. Box 3, 4010, Hungary. During 1997 and 1998, we have tested the edge-effect for carabids along oak-hornbeam forest-grass transects using pitfall traps in Hungary. Our hypothesis was that the diversity of carabids will be higher in the forest edge than in the forest interior. We also focused on the characteristic species of the habitats along the transects and the relationships between their distribution and the biotic and abiotic factors.

Our results proved that there was a significant edge effect on the studied carabid communities: the Shannon diversity increased significantly along the transects from the forest towards the grass. The diversity of the carabids were significantly higher in the forest edge and in the grass than in the forest interior. The carabids of the forest, the forest edge and the grass are separated from each other by principal coordinates analysis and by indicator species analysis (IndVal), suggesting that each of the three habitats has a distinct species assemblages. There were 5 distinctive groups of carabids: 1) habitat generalists, 2) forest generalists, 3) species of the open area, 4) forest edge species, and 5) forest specialists. It was demonstrated by multiple regression analyses, that the relative air moisture, temperature of the ground, the cover of leaf litter, herbs, shrubs and canopy cover, abundance of the carabids’ preys are the most important factors determining the diversity and spatial pattern of carabids along the studied transects.

Edge effect on carabid assemblages along forest-grass transects


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