World Library  

Add to Book Shelf
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Book

Global Distribution and Radiative Forcing of Soil Dust Aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by the Aerosol Climate Model : Volume 8, Issue 6 (09/12/2008)

By Takemura, T.

Click here to view

Book Id: WPLBN0003978117
Format Type: PDF Article :
File Size: Pages 38
Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Global Distribution and Radiative Forcing of Soil Dust Aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by the Aerosol Climate Model : Volume 8, Issue 6 (09/12/2008)  
Author: Takemura, T.
Volume: Vol. 8, Issue 6
Language: English
Subject: Science, Atmospheric, Chemistry
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection, Copernicus GmbH
Publication Date:
Publisher: Copernicus Gmbh, Göttingen, Germany
Member Page: Copernicus Publications


APA MLA Chicago

Matsuzawa, K., Egashira, M., Abe-Ouchi, A., Ichijo, H., O'ishi, R., & Takemura, T. (2008). Global Distribution and Radiative Forcing of Soil Dust Aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum Simulated by the Aerosol Climate Model : Volume 8, Issue 6 (09/12/2008). Retrieved from

Description: Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan. The integrated simulation for the global distribution and radiative forcing of soil dust aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) is done by an aerosol climate model, SPRINTARS, in this study. It is compared with another simulation in the present climate condition. The global total emission flux of soil dust aerosols in the LGM is simulated to be about 2.4 times as large as that in the present climate, and the simulated deposition flux is in general agreement with estimations from ice core and marine sediment samplings though it might be underestimated over the Antarctic. The calculated direct radiative forcing of soil dust aerosols in the LGM is close to zero at the tropopause and −0.4 W m−2 at the surface, which are about twice as large as those in the present climate. SPRINTARS also includes the microphysical parameterizations of the cloud-aerosol interaction both for liquid water and ice crystals, which affect the radiation budget. The positive radiative forcing of the indirect effect due to soil dust aerosols, that is mainly caused by a role of ice nuclei, is simulated to be smaller in the LGM than in the present. It is suggested that atmospheric dust might contribute to the cold climate during the glacial periods both through the direct and indirect effects, relative to the interglacial periods.

Global distribution and radiative forcing of soil dust aerosols in the Last Glacial Maximum simulated by the aerosol climate model

Andersen, K. K., Armengaud, A., and Genthon, C.: Atmospheric dust under glacial and interglacial conditions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2281–2284, 1998.; Andreae, M. O.: Biomass burning: Its history, use, and distribution and its impact on environmental quality and global climate, in: Global Biomass Burning: Atmospheric, Climatic, and Biospheric Implications, edited by: Levine, J. S., MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., USA, 3–21, 1991.; Basile, I., Grousset, F. E., Revel, M., Petit, J. R., Biscaye, P. E., and Barkov, N. I.: Patagonian origin of glacial dust deposited in East Antarctica (Vostok and Dome C) during glacial stages 2, 4 and 6, Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 146, 573–589, 1997.; Berry, E. X.: Cloud droplet growth by collection, J. Atmos. Sci., 24, 688–701, 1967.; Braconnot, P., Otto-Bliesner, B., Harrison, S., Joussaume, S., Peterchmitt, J.-Y., Abe-Ouchi, A., Crucix, M., Driesschaert, E., Fichefet, Th., Hewitt, C. D., Kageyama, M., Kitoh, A., La\^iné, A., Loutre, M.-F., Marti, O., Merkel, U., Ramstein, G., Valdes, P., Weber, S. L., Yu, Y., and Zhao, Y.: Results of PMIP2 coupled simulations of the Mid-Holocene and Last Glacial Maximum – Part 1: experiments and large-scale features, Clim. Past, 3, 261–277, 2007.; Chin, M., Ginoux, P., Kinne, S., Torres, O., Holben, B. N., Duncan, B. N., Martin, R. V., Logan, J. A., Higurashi, A., and Nakajima, T.: Tropospheric aerosol optical thickness from the GOCART model and comparisons with satellite and sun photometer measurements, J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 461–483, 2002.; Claquin, T., Roelandt, C., Kohfeld, K. E., Harrison, S. P., Tegen, I., Prentice, I. C., Balkanski, Y., Bergametti, G., Hansson, M., Mahowald, N., Rodhe, H., and Schulz, M.: Radiative forcing of climate by ice-age atmospheric dust, Clim. Dynam., 20, 193–202, 2003.; d'Almeida, G. A. and Schütz, L.: Number, mass and volume distributions of mineral aerosol and soils of the Sahara, J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol., 22, 233–243, 1983.; d'Almeida, G. A., Koepke, P., and Shettle, E.: Atmospheric Aerosols: Global Climatology and Radiative Forcing, A. Deepak, Hampton, Va., USA, 561 pp., 1991.; Deepak, A. and Gerber, H. G. (Eds.): Report of the experts meeting on aerosols and their climatic effects, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland, Rep. WCP-55, 107 pp., 1983.; Dentener, F. J., Carmichael, G. R., Zhnag, Y., Lelieveld, J., and Crutzen, P. J.: Role of mineral aerosol as a~reactive surface in the global troposphere, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 22 869–22 889, 1996.; Diehl, K., Simmel, M., and Wurzler, S.: Numerical sensitivity studies on the impact of aerosol properties and drop freezing modes on the glaciation, microphysics, and dynamics of clouds, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D07202, doi:10.1029/2005JD005884, 2006.; Gerten D., Schaphoff, S., Haberlandt, U., Lucht, W., and Sitch, S: Terrestrial vegetation and water balance: Hydrological evaluation of a~dynamic global vegetation model, J. Hydrol., 286, 249–270, 2004.; Guenther, A., Hewitt, C. N., Erickson, D., Fall, R., Geron, C., Graedel, T., Harley, P., Klinger, L., Lerdau, M., McKay, W. A., Pierce, T., Scholes, B., Steinbrecher, R., Tallamraju, R., Taylor, J., and Zimmerman, P.: A~global model of natural volatile organic compound emissions, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 8873–8892, 1995.; Harrison, S. P., Kohfeld, K. E., Roelandt, C., and Claquin, T.: The role of dust in climate changes today, at the last glacial maximum and in the future, Earth-Sci. Rev., 54, 43–80, 2001.; Harrison, S. P. and Prentice, I. C.: Climate and \chemCO_2 controls on global vegetation distribution at the last glacial maximum: analysis based on palaeovegetation data, biome modelling and palaeoclimate simulations, Global Change Biol. 9, 983–1004, 2003.; Haywood, J. M. and Ramaswamy, V.: Global sensitivity studies of the direct radiative forcing due to anthrpogenic sulfate and black carbon aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 6043–6058, 1998.; Jansen, E., Overpeck, J., Briffa, K. R., Duplessy, J.-C., Joos, F., Masson-Delmotte


Click To View

Additional Books

  • Simultaneous Retrieval of Aerosol and Cl... (by )
  • A 2-year Record of Atmospheric Mercury S... (by )
  • A Comparison of the Chemical Sinks of At... (by )
  • Comparison of Uv Irradiances from Aura/O... (by )
  • Multi-scale Meteorological Conceptual Mo... (by )
  • The Time Dependence of Molecular Iodine ... (by )
  • Application of the Aventech Aimms20Aq Ai... (by )
  • Ambient Aromatic Hydrocarbon Measurement... (by )
  • Distribution of Meteoric Smoke – Sensiti... (by )
  • Development of a Cloud Microphysical Mod... (by )
  • Atmospheric Measurements of Ratios Betwe... (by )
  • Impact of Large Solar Zenith Angles on L... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library on the Kindle are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.