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Plos One : Primitive Auditory Memory is Correlated with Spatial Unmasking That is Based on Direct-reflection Integration, Volume 8

By Yan, Jun

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Book Id: WPLBN0003965194
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Primitive Auditory Memory is Correlated with Spatial Unmasking That is Based on Direct-reflection Integration, Volume 8  
Author: Yan, Jun
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Yan, J. (n.d.). Plos One : Primitive Auditory Memory is Correlated with Spatial Unmasking That is Based on Direct-reflection Integration, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://kindle.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description : In reverberant rooms with multiple-people talking, spatial separation between speech sources improves recognition of attended speech, even though both the head-shadowing and interaural-interaction unmasking cues are limited by numerous reflections. It is the perceptual integration between the direct wave and its reflections that bridges the directreflection temporal gaps and results in the spatial unmasking under reverberant conditions. This study further investigated (1) the temporal dynamic of the direct-reflection-integration-based spatial unmasking as a function of the reflection delay, and (2) whether this temporal dynamic is correlated with the listeners’ auditory ability to temporally retain raw acoustic signals (i.e., the fast decaying primitive auditory memory, PAM). The results showed that recognition of the target speech against the speech-masker background is a descending exponential function of the delay of the simulated target reflection. In addition, the temporal extent of PAM is frequency dependent and markedly longer than that for perceptual fusion. More importantly, the temporal dynamic of the speech-recognition function is significantly correlated with the temporal extent of the PAM of low-frequency raw signals. Thus, we propose that a chain process, which links the earlier-stage PAM with the later-stage correlation computation, perceptual integration, and attention facilitation, plays a role in spatially unmasking target speech under reverberant conditions.

 

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