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Plos One : Mitochondrial Capture Misleads About Ecological Speciation in the Daphnia Pulex Complex, Volume 8

By Fontaneto, Diego

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Book Id: WPLBN0003963223
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Mitochondrial Capture Misleads About Ecological Speciation in the Daphnia Pulex Complex, Volume 8  
Author: Fontaneto, Diego
Volume: Volume 8
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
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Publisher: Plos

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Fontaneto, D. (n.d.). Plos One : Mitochondrial Capture Misleads About Ecological Speciation in the Daphnia Pulex Complex, Volume 8. Retrieved from http://kindle.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description : The North American ecological species Daphnia pulicaria and Daphnia pulex are thought to have diverged from a common ancestor by adaptation to sympatric but ecologically distinct lake and pond habitats respectively. Based on mtDNA relationships, European D. pulicaria is considered a different species only distantly related to its North American counterpart, but both species share a lactate dehydrogenase (Ldh) allele F supposedly involved in lake adaptation in North America, and the same allele is also carried by the related Holarctic Daphnia tenebrosa. The correct inference of the species’ ancestral relationships is therefore critical for understanding the origin of their adaptive divergence. Our species tree inferred from unlinked nuclear loci for D. pulicaria and D. pulex resolved the European and North American D. pulicaria as sister clades, and we argue that the discordant mtDNA gene tree is best explained by capture of D. pulex mtDNA by D. pulicaria in North America. The Ldh gene tree shows that F-class alleles in D. pulicaria and D. tenebrosa are due to common descent (as opposed to introgression), with D. tenebrosa alleles paraphyletic with respect to D. pulicaria alleles. That D. tenebrosa still segregates the ancestral and derived amino acids at the two sites distinguishing the pond and lake alleles suggests that D. pulicaria inherited the derived states from the D. tenebrosa ancestry. Our results suggest that some adaptations restricting the gene flow between D. pulicaria and D. pulex might have evolved in response to selection in ancestral environments rather than in the species’ current sympatric habitats. The Arctic (D. tenebrosa) populations are likely to provide important clues about these issues.

 

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