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Plos One : Chloroquine or Chloroquine-pi3K, Volume 7

By Harrison, Jeffrey K.

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Book Id: WPLBN0003935034
Format Type: PDF eBook :
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Reproduction Date: 2015

Title: Plos One : Chloroquine or Chloroquine-pi3K, Volume 7  
Author: Harrison, Jeffrey K.
Volume: Volume 7
Language: English
Subject: Journals, Science, Medical Science
Collections: Periodicals: Journal and Magazine Collection (Contemporary)
Historic
Publication Date:
Publisher: Plos

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Harrison, J. K. (n.d.). Plos One : Chloroquine or Chloroquine-pi3K, Volume 7. Retrieved from http://kindle.worldlibrary.net/


Description
Description : We asked whether inhibitors of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway, which is highly active in cancer stem cells (CSCs) and upregulated in response to genotoxic treatments, promote c-irradiationcIR)-induced cell death in highly radioresistant, patient-derived stem-like glioma cells (SLGCs). Surprisingly, in most cases the inhibitors did not promote cIRinduced cell death. In contrast, the strongly cytostatic Ly294002 and PI-103 even tended to reduce it. Since autophagy was induced we examined whether addition of the clinically applicable autophagy inhibitor chloroquine (CQ) would trigger cell death in SLGCs. Triple therapy with CQ at doses as low as 5 to 10 mM indeed caused strong apoptosis. At slightly higher doses, CQ alone strongly promoted cIR-induced apoptosis in all SLGC lines examined. The strong apoptosis in combinations with CQ was invariably associated with strong accumulation of the autophagosomal marker LC3-II, indicating inhibition of late autophagy. Thus, autophagy-promoting effects of PI3K/Akt pathway inhibitors apparently hinder cell death induction in c-irradiated SLGCs. However, as we show here for the first time, the late autophagy inhibitor CQ strongly promotes cIRinduced cell death in highly radioresistant CSCs, and triple combinations of CQ, cIR and a PI3K/Akt pathway inhibitor permit reduction of the CQ dose required to trigger cell death.

 

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