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Gynecology and Obstetrics


Obstetrics and gynaecology (or obstetrics and gynecology; often abbreviated to OB/GYN, OBG, O&G or Obs & Gynae) are the two surgical–medical specialties dealing with the female reproductive organs in their pregnant and non-pregnant state, respectively, and as such are often combined to form a single medical specialty and postgraduate training programme. This combined training prepares the practicing OB/GYN to be adept at the surgical management of the entire scope of clinical pathology involving female reproductive organs, and to provide care for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients.

 
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Appropriations for Fy2002 : Foreign Operations, Export Financing, ...

By: Larry Nowels

Summary: The annual Foreign Operations appropriations bill is the primary legislative vehicle through which Congress reviews the U.S. foreign aid budget and influences executive branch foreign policy making generally. It contains the largest share -- over two-thirds -- of total U.S. international affairs spending. President Bush requested $15.167 billion for FY2002 Foreign Operations, an amount 1.5% higher than enacted FY2001 appropriations. By comparison, foreign policy...

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Niosh Publications on Video Display Terminals

By: Department of Health and Human Services

SYNONYMS: (1) Nitrobenzol, oil of mirbane (2) o- Methylnitrobenzene, 2-Methylnitrobenzene, 2-Nitrotoluene m-Methylnitrobenzene, 3-Methylnitrobenzene, 3-Nitrotoluene p-Methylnitrobenzene, 4-Methylnitrobenzene, 4-Nitrotoluene (3) p-Chloronitrobenzene, 1-Chloro-4-nitrobenzene, 4-Nitrochlorobenzene, PCNB, PNCB...

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Management of Tuberculosis

By: Donald A. Enarson

While tuberculosis has declined considerably in industrialized countries, the disease still poses a serious and even increasing problem in many low income countries, affecting the health and social welfare of millions of people. Fighting tuberculosis is a challenge to all who are concerned about health and development. Thanks to modern antituberculosis medications, it has become possible to cure practically all patients suffering from this potentially fatal disease. Succ...

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American Thoracic Society/Centers for Disease Control and Preventi...

By: Department of Health and Human Services

It is strongly recommended that patient-centered care be the -- The responsibility for successful treatment is clearly assigned to initial management strategy, regardless of the source of supervithe public health program or private provider, not to the patient. sion. This strategy should always include an adherence plan that -- It is strongly recommended that the initial treatment strategy utilize emphasizes directly observed therapy (DOT), in which patients patient-cent...

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World Health Organization : Year 1994 ; Mental Health, Mental, Neu...

By: L. Bennett

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION The development of diagnostic criteria for mental disorders has been one of the major goals of the WHO Mental Health Programme. Through the past decade the Division of Mental Health, WHO, has supported the development of Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines' and of Diagnostic Criteria for Research of The ICD-I0 Classification of Mental and ~ehuviouralDisorders'~T)h. ese parts of the ICD-10 system have been extensively fieldtested to assess their c...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

I. Introduction Overall aim and goals WHO's Division of Reproductive Health [Technical Support) (RHT) was established in March 1996, as a part of Family and Reproductive Health (FRH). Together with the UNDPCUNFPAI WHOlWorld Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP) and relevant activities within Adolescent Health (ADH), Nutrition (NUT) and Women's Health and Development (WHD), RHT is a part of the constellation of d...

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World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION Hunger and malnutrition persist in spite of important achievements in agricultural productivity and economic growth (1,2,3). Chronic hunger, which is largely found in low-income food-deficit countries (LTFDCs), results from continuous inadequate food intake and is perpetuated by poverty. Malnutrition, which results from a combination of inadequate food, ill health and inadequate care, primarily affects the more vulnerable in a household, namely women and ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1999 ; World Health Organization,...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

1. Introduction WHO'S Department of Reproductive Health and Research (RHR) was formed, in November 1998, through joining the Division of Reproductive'Health Technical Support (RHT) and the UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP). This re-organization brought together into one Department most, if not all, of WHO'S work in reproductive health; this Proposed Programme Budget thus represents the f...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1987 ; The Community ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

This guide was originally issued in 1974 as a WHO working document entitled Training and utilization of village health workers. That document was extensively field-tested, and in 1977 it was published as an experimental edition entitled The primary health worker. The book proved very successful and stocks were rapidly exhausted. In 1980, the experimental edition was further modified in the light of more information from the users, and a revised edition was issued in five...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 1987 ; The Community ...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

This guide was originally issued in 1974 as a WHO working document entitled Training and utilization of village health workers. That document was extensively field-tested, and in 1977 it was published as an experimental edition entitled The primary health worker. The book proved very successful and stocks were rapidly exhausted. In 1980, the experimental edition was further modified in the light of more information from the users, and a revised edition was issued in five...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 301: Prot...

By: G. Arroyave

Medical Reference Publication

INTRODUCTION The question of nutritional requirements is of great concern to FA0 and WHO. These organizations advise and assist governments on such matters as food production, processing and distribution, dietary requirements and the assessment of nutritional status, in order to improve the health of the people through better nutrition. Perhaps the most important nutritional problem that is still not fully solved is that of meeting the protein requirements of man. This i...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 628: Arte...

By: O. O. Akinkugbe

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION The Twenty-ninth World Health Assembly, in 1976, invited the Director-General of WHO to prepare a long-term programme in the field of cardiovascular diseases, with special emphasis on promoting research on prevention, etiology, early diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitati0n. l It also stressed the need for the coordination of international activities in this field. The resolution was adopted because it is believed that cardiovascular diseases are now beco...

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Crs Report for Congress Received through the Crs Web Federal Prote...

By: Erin D. Williams

Summary: The Common Rule (45 CFR 46, Subpart A) governs research that is conducted on human beings if it is funded by one of 18 federal agencies. It requires a review of proposed research by an Institutional Review Board (IRB), the informed consent of research subjects, and institutional assurances of compliance with the regulations. In 1974, 45 CFR 46 was published following some cases of harm to human subjects, such as those caused by thalidomide drug trials and the Un...

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Foreign Affairs, Defense, And Trade Policy : Key Issues in the 107...

By: Valerie Bailey Grasso

Summary: Among the 107th Congress’ first orders of business will be dealing with the initiatives–both domestic and foreign policy–proposed by President Bush throughout his presidential campaign. The 2000 congressional campaigns suggested that the agenda of the 107th Congress will be largely domestic: Social Security, health care, education, taxes, and military pay were prominent in campaigns across America and on post-election news programs. Indeed, many issues discussed...

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Foreign Relations Authorization, Fy2003 : An Overview

By: Susan B. Epstein

Summary: Congress is required by law to authorize the spending of appropriations for the State Department and foreign policy activities every two years. The authorization process dovetails with the annual appropriation process for the Department of State (within the Commerce, Justice, State and Related Agency appropriation) and foreign policy/foreign aid activities (within the foreign operations appropriation).

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Appropriations for Fy2003 : Foreign Operations, Export Financing, ...

By: Larry Nowels

Summary: The annual Foreign Operations appropriations bill is the primary legislative vehicle through which Congress reviews the U.S. foreign aid budget and influences executive branch foreign policy making generally. It contains the largest share -- about two-thirds -- of total U.S. international affairs spending. President Bush requested $16.45 billion (amended on September 3, 2002) for FY2003 Foreign Operations, an amount 7% higher than regular FY2002 appropriations, ...

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World Health Organization : Year 1993 ; World Health Organization,...

By: Acuda S. Drug

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION The use of alcohol, illicit drugs or other psychoactive substances, is increasingly a problem confronting health authorities in both the North and the South. As more information is available on patterns of use, so it has become evident that the chronic and acute abuse of these substances is associated with a range of physical and psychosocial manifestations. To date, the emphasis in research has been predominantly on the health problems of the individual ...

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World Health Organization : Report on a European Syposium Convened...

By: World Health Organization

Medical Reference Publication

In World Health Assembly r e s o l u t i o n wtiA28.72 concerning blood and blood products, t h e D i r e c t o r Gcneral was requested: . r r t h e rs t u d y t h e p r a c t i c e of commercial plasmapi>eresis including the h e a l t h hazards and e t h i c a l i m p l i c a t i o n s , p a r t i c u l a r l y i n developing c o u n t r i e s , and - t o take s t e p s t o develop good manufacturing p r z c t i c e s s p e c i a l l y f o r blood and blood components i...

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World Health Organization Publication : Year 2002 ; Issue 92415624...

By: James Mcintyre

Medical Reference Publication

WHO convened a meeting in Morges, Switzerland, from 20 to 22 March 2002 to discuss the expected contribution of various programme approaches to preventing HIV infection in infants in different epidemiological situations and service delivery settings and to provide guidance to WHO on priority areas of work it should address to optimize its contribution to global efforts in this area. The participants emphasized that a comprehensive approach was required to reach the goals...

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World Health Organization : Technical Report Series, No. 646: Worl...

By: K. Kosaka

Medical Reference Publication

1. INTRODUCTION Diabetes mellitus is a universal health problem affecting human societies at all stages of development. At least 30 million people are involved throughout the world, and the numbers of cases reported are increasing rapidly with the aging of populations, changes in lifestyle, and improvement in ascertainment. Although a more prominent health problem in developed countries, it is erroneous to consider diabetes a disease of affluent societies. Epidemiologica...

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