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Gestalt Psychology


Gestalt psychology or gestaltism (German: Gestalt - "essence or shape of an entity's complete form") of the Berlin School is a theory of mind and brain positing that the operational principle of the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self-organizing tendencies. The Gestalt effect is the form-generating capability of our senses, particularly with respect to the visual recognition of figures and whole forms instead of just a collection of simple lines and curves. In psychology, gestaltism is often opposed to structuralism and Wundt.

 
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Briefe Teil 2 (Epistulae morales ad Lucilium) : Chapter 115 - 115....

By: Lucius Annaeus Seneca

Epistulae morales ad Lucilium sind eine Sammlung von 124 Briefen. In den Briefen erteilt Seneca Ratschläge, wie Lucilius, von dem lange Zeit vermutet wurde, er wäre eine fiktive Gestalt, zu einem besseren Stoiker werden könnte. Sicher ist, dass Seneca die Briefe als Mittel benutzte, um verschiedene Aspekte seiner Philosophie darzustellen. Zugleich eröffnen die Texte auch einen Einblick in das Alltagsleben des antiken Rom. (Zusammenfassung von Wikipedia) Die Briefe 1 - 93...

Philosophy

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Wachsfigurenkabinett, Das

By: Oskar Panizza

Auf einem Nürnberger Jahrmarkt wird in einem Wachsfigurenkabinett mit beweglichen mechanischen Figuren das »Leiden und Sterben unseres Heilandes Jesu Christi aufgeführt. Die Figuren und die Inszenierung sowie die Reaktionen des Publikums lassen den heiligen Stoff jedoch zu einer grotesken Komödie ausarten. Neben der satirischen Auseinandersetzung mit der Darstellung eines religiösen Stoffes in einer Jahrmarkt-Schaubude gibt die Geschichte auch einen lebhaften Einblick in...

Humor, Satire, Religion

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Beatrice

By: Paul Heyse

Excerpt: Wir hatten bis in die tiefe Nacht hinein geplaudert, unser drei, bei einigen Flaschen Astiweins, die wir durch einen gluecklichen Zufall aufgetrieben hatten und nun im kuehlen Gartenhaus auf das Wohl des eben aus Italien heimgekehrten Freundes leerten. Er war der aelteste von uns und schon ein fertiger Mann, als wir ihn vor zwoelf Jahren auf einer Reise im Sueden kennenlernten. Auf den ersten Blick hatte uns seine maennliche Gestalt, der Adel seines Wesens und e...

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Comparing the Ensemble and Extended Kalman Filters for in Situ Soi...

By: J.-c. Calvet; J.-f. Mahfouf; D. Fairbairn; A. L. Barbu; E. Gelati

Description: CNRM-GAME, UMR 3589 (Météo-France, CNRS), Toulouse, France. Two data assimilation methods are compared for their ability to produce a deterministic soil moisture analysis on the Météo-France land surface model: (i) SEKF, a Simplified Extended Kalman Filter, which uses a climatological background-error covariance, (ii) EnSRF, the Ensemble Square Root Filter, which uses an ensemble background-error covariance and approximates random forcing...

Albergel, C., Rüdiger, C., Pellarin, T., Calvet, J.-C., Fritz, N., Froissard, F., Suquia, D., Petitpa, A., Piguet, B., and Martin, E.: From near-surface to root-zone soil moisture using an exponential filter: an assessment of the method based on in-situ observations and model simulations, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 12, 1323–1337, doi:10.5194/hess-12-1323-2008, 2008.; Balsamo, G., Bouyssel, F., and Noilhan, J.: A land...

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3D Point Cloud Model Colorization by Dense Registration of Digital...

By: E. Mouaddib; N. Crombez; G. Caron

Description: University of Picardie Jules Verne, MIS Laboratory, 33 rue Saint Leu, 80039 Amiens CEDEX 1, France. Architectural heritage is a historic and artistic property which has to be protected, preserved, restored and must be shown to the public. Modern tools like 3D laser scanners are more and more used in heritage documentation. Most of the time, the 3D laser scanner is completed by a digital camera which is used to enrich the accurate geometric informations wit...

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Plos Computational Biology : Image-based Modeling Reveals Dynamic ...

By: Rainer Sachs

Description : Several proteins involved in the response to DNA double strand breaks (DSB) form microscopically visible nuclear domains, or foci, after exposure to ionizing radiation. Radiation-induced foci (RIF) are believed to be located where DNA damage occurs. To test this assumption, we analyzed the spatial distribution of 53BP1, phosphorylated ATM, and cH2AX RIF in cells irradiated with high linear energy transfer (LET) radiation and low LET. Since energy is randoml...

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Plos Computational Biology : Integrating Extrinsic and Intrinsic C...

By: Santhosh Palani

Description : Autoregulation of transcription factors and cross-antagonism between lineage-specific transcription factors are a recurrent theme in cell differentiation. An equally prevalent event that is frequently overlooked in lineage commitment models is the upregulation of lineage-specific receptors, often through lineage-specific transcription factors. Here, we use a minimal model that combines cell-extrinsic and cell-intrinsic elements of regulation in order to und...

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Plos Computational Biology : Social Interaction, Noise and Antibio...

By: Vanni Bucci

Description : The intestinal microbiota plays important roles in digestion and resistance against entero-pathogens. As with other ecosystems, its species composition is resilient against small disturbances but strong perturbations such as antibiotics can affect the consortium dramatically. Antibiotic cessation does not necessarily restore pre-treatment conditions and disturbed microbiota are often susceptible to pathogen invasion. Here we propose a mathematical model to ...

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Plos One : Relating the Bipolar Spectrum to Dysregulation of Behav...

By: Xiaoxi Zhuang

Description : Bipolar Disorders affect a substantial minority of the population and result in significant personal, social and economic costs. Understanding of the causes of, and consequently the most effective interventions for, this condition is an area requiring development. Drawing upon theories of Bipolar Disorder that propose the condition to be underpinned by dysregulation of systems governing behavioural activation or approach motivation, we present a mathematica...

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An Open Entrance to the Closed Palace of the King : Sage and Lover...

Excerpt: THE AUTHOR?S Preface. I, being an anonymous adept, a lover of learning, and a philosopher, have decreed ?to write this little treatise of medicinal, chemical, and physical arcana, in the year 1645, after the Birth of Christ, and in the 23rd year of my age, to assist in conducting my straying brethren out of the labyrinth of error, and with the further object of making myself known to other Sages, holding aloft a torch which may be visible far and wide to those w...

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Alternate Routes/Chemins Altérnatifs: a Journal of Critical Social...

By: Alternate Routes: a Journal of Critical Social Research

Description: Godoy-Paiz, Paula. “Canada’s Troubled Troops”: The Construction of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Its Uses by the Canadian Armed Forces. Pp. 6-23. Herro, Anne. The United Nations and International Conflict Resolution. Pp. 24-39. Vallee, Mickey. The Secret Musical Self: Nostalgic Reification of Music According to Adorno. Pp. 40-58. Goldstein, Hilary. Tuning into Democracy: Community Radio, Free Speech and the Democratic Promise. Pp. 59-106. Quehl...

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Executive Views on Interoperability

By: Department of Defense

Government Reference Publication

Excerpt: Panel Discussion ... Look at interoperability as a business problem. The panel will focus on current Fortune 500 understanding and its implications. The discussion will include return on investment (ROI) of interoperability, business process implications on interoperability, and business driver implications for wanting interoperability. Panelists ... William Loftus ... CEO, Gestalt ... Mike Flaa ... CEO, Government Enterprise Management Systems ... John Larrabee...

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Beatrice

By: Paul Heyse

Wir hatten bis in die tiefe Nacht hinein geplaudert, unser drei, bei einigen Flaschen Astiweins, die wir durch einen gluecklichen Zufall aufgetrieben hatten und nun im kuehlen Gartenhaus auf das Wohl des eben aus Italien heimgekehrten Freundes leerten. Er war der aelteste von uns und schon ein fertiger Mann, als wir ihn vor zwoelf Jahren auf einer Reise im Sueden kennenlernten. Auf den ersten Blick hatte uns seine maennliche Gestalt, der Adel seines Wesens und eine gewis...

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Beatrice

By: Paul Heyse

Wir hatten bis in die tiefe Nacht hinein geplaudert, unser drei, bei einigen Flaschen Astiweins, die wir durch einen glucklichen Zufall aufgetrieben hatten und nun im kuhlen Gartenhaus auf das Wohl des eben aus Italien heimgekehrten Freundes leerten. Er war der alteste von uns und schon ein fertiger Mann, als wir ihn vor zwolf Jahren auf einer Reise im Suden kennenlernten. Auf den ersten Blick hatte uns seine mannliche Gestalt, der Adel seines Wesens und eine gewisse mel...

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Nachtstuecke

By: E. T. A. Hoffman

Nathanael an Lothar Gewib seid Ihr alle voll Unruhe, dab ich so lange - lange nicht geschrieben. Mutter zurnt wohl, und Clara mag glauben, ich lebe hier in Saus und Braus und vergesse mein holdes Engelsbild, so tief mir in Herz und Sinn eingepragt, ganz und gar -- Dem ist aber nicht so; taglich und stundlich gedenke ich Eurer aller und in suben Traumen geht meines holden Clarchens freundliche Gestalt voruber und lachelt mich mit ihren hellen Augen so anmutig an, wie sie ...

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Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre-Buch 6

By: Johann Wolfgang Von Goethe

Sechstes Buch Bekenntnisse einer schonen Seele Bis in mein achtes Jahr war ich ein ganz gesundes Kind, weib mich aber von dieser Zeit so wenig zu erinnern als von dem Tage meiner Geburt. Mit dem Anfange des achten Jahres bekam ich einen Blutsturz, und in dem Augenblick war meine Seele ganz Empfindung und Gedachtnis. Die kleinsten Umstande dieses Zufalls stehn mir noch vor Augen, als hatte er sich gestern ereignet. Wahrend des neunmonatlichen Krankenlagers, das ich mit Ge...

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An Open Entrance to the Closed Palace of the King

I, being an anonymous adept, a lover of learning, and a philosopher, have decreed 'to write this little treatise of medicinal, chemical, and physical arcana, in the year 1645, after the Birth of Christ, and in the 23rd year of my age, to assist in conducting my straying brethren out of the labyrinth of error, and with the further object of making myself known to other Sages, holding aloft a torch which may be visible far and wide to those who are groping in the darkness ...

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Plos One : Top-down Control in Contour Grouping, Volume 7

By: Hans P. Op De Beeck

Description : Human observers tend to group oriented line segments into full contours if they follow the Gestalt rule of ’good continuation’. It is commonly assumed that contour grouping emerges automatically in early visual cortex. In contrast, recent work in animal models suggests that contour grouping requires learning and thus involves top-down control from higher brain structures. Here we explore mechanisms of top-down control in perceptual grouping by investigating...

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Plos One : Influence of Rhythmic Grouping on Duration Perception ;...

By: Warren H. Meck

Description : This study investigated a potential auditory illusion in duration perception induced by rhythmic temporal contexts. Listeners with or without musical training performed a duration discrimination task for a silent period in a rhythmic auditory sequence. The critical temporal interval was presented either within a perceptual group or between two perceptual groups. We report the just-noticeable difference (difference limen, DL) for temporal intervals and the p...

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Brown Alumni Monthly : Vol. 6 No. 3

By: Brown University

Classical philology ; Classical geography ; German language

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