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Chapter 6 Environmental Processes and Recruitment Variability

By: A. Bakun

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: The combined habitat of the several species of the genus Illex found in the Atlantic includes major portions of the subtropical and subpolar regions of the Atlantic Ocean. A comprehensive chapter on all major aspects of ocean variability in such a diverse area would be a large undertaking and its very bulk would probably limit its usefulness. In the context of the near lack of present scientific insight into the mechanisms involved in squid recruitment vari...

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Trade Issues for Forest Products

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Global consumption of total roundwood rose from around 2 400 million m3 in 1970 to 3 275 million m3 in 1999. Despite the sizeable growth, only about 7 percent of the production enters international trade as primary forest products reflecting the fact that over half is used for fuelwood and charcoal, most of which is used domestically. Nevertheless, global trade of primary forest products has risen substantially, reaching US$136 billion in 1999. In addition to th...

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Table C.8

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

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Armed Conflicts and Food Security

By: Slobodanka B. Teodosijevic

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: During the forty-year period of the Cold War2 there were 120 wars involving many developing countries. Five of these involved more than one million casualties each, and a further six claimed more than 200,000 lives (de Soysa et al, 1999). Between 1950 and 1990, some fifteen million deaths were caused directly or indirectly by wars of all types - including international conflicts, civil war, and government violence against citizens (Steward and Fitzgerald, 2001)....

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Annexe I Caracteristiques Techniques

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1. CHINE TABLEAU 25 Caract?ristiques techniques et op?rationnelles de bateaux de p?che chinois Type de navire Longueur (m) TJB KW Equipement Mat?riel de p?che Membres Propri?taire de stockage ? bord d??quipage Chalutier-boeuf (chalut de fond) 25 - 28 80 - 95 185 Cale 24 m3+ Chalut 15 Copropri?t? cong?lation 3 t/jour du village Chalutier ? panneaux 26 65 110 Chalut 6 Copropri?t? du village Bateau p?chant au filet cal? 29,5 67 150 26 m3 Filet fixe 16 Copropri?t? B...

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Cruise Report Dr. Fridtjof Nansen-Second Survey of the Abundance a...

By: Tore Stromme; S. Tilseth

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: The fishery research vessel ?Dr. Fridtjof Nansen? belongs to the Norwegian Agency for International Development (NORAD), and was designed and built for scientific and exploratory investigations of fishery resources of developing countries. The Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, is responsible for the scientific programme and the operation of the vessel. By an agreement between the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Oman and UNDP/FAO and NORAD the ves...

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Informe de la Primera Reunion Del Grupo de Accion Intergubernament...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

INTRODUCCI?N: El Grupo de Acci›n Intergubernamental Especial del Codex sobre Alimentos Obtenidos por Medios Biotecnol›gicos celebr› su primera reuni›n en Chiba, Jap›n, del 14 al 17 de marzo de 2000, por amable invitaci›n del Gobierno del Jap›n. La sesi›n fue presidida por el Profesor Hiroshi Yoshikura, Director General, Instituto de Investigaci›n, Centro M?dico Internacional del Jap›n. En el Ap?ndice I del presente informe figura una lista completa de los participantes.

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Cote D'Ivoire

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: L?Etude prospective du secteur forestier en C?te d?Ivoire ? l?horizon 2020 s?inscrit dans le cadre de l??tude prospective du secteur forestier en Afrique, connue sous le sigle, FOSA (Forest Outlook Study for Africa). Elle est une initiative de la FAO, en partenariat avec la Banque Africaine de D?veloppement, l?Union Europ?enne et les autres bailleurs de fonds engag?s dans cet exercice, pour examiner ? partir des rapports nationaux, la situation future du secteur...

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Antecedentes

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: La misi›n de formulaci›n en la regi›n de NGAMO tiene, entre sus objetivos, formular una propuesta para llevar a cabo acciones que mejoren las condiciones de vida de los agricultores de las colinas. La misi›n decidi› que era posible implantar producci›n de caf? en algunas tierras marginales, las cuales debían ser despejadas ya que en la actualidad no se usaban para fines productivos. Aproximadamente unos 250 agricultores estarían involucrados en el desarrollo del...

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Perspectives de Lalimentation

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Les r?centes indications continuent de faire ?tat d?une r?colte c?r?ali?re plus abondante en 2001. On pr?voit cependant une d?gradation de la situation mondiale de l?offre et de la demande au cours de la prochaine campagne de commercialisation 2001/2002. Sur la base de l??tat des cultures d?j? en terre et dans l?hypoth?se de conditions m?t?orologiques normales jusqu?? la fin des campagnes agricoles de 2001, les pr?visions indiquent pour cette ann?e une productio...

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New Technologies for Ensuring the Quality, Safety and Availability...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION is becoming increasingly knowledge-based and science-intensive. New strategic research areas have emerged and been developed, with profound effects on the capacity to produce food and manage natural resources and the environment.

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Trends in National Aquaculture Legislation (Part I)

By: Melvin Spreij

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Aquaculture, or the farming of aquatic organisms, as we know, is one of the fastest growing food production systems in the world. Aquaculture?s potential and expected contribution to global foodfish supply over the next few decades has been duly recognized, and the sector is predicted to expand, intensify and develop at a considerable pace over the next few decades. The challenge is to make the future contribution of aquaculture sustainable through better managi...

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Fao-Nutrition Country Profiles Viet Nam

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Summary: In Vietnam the nutritional status of children is poor and this country has the highest malnutrition rate among the countries in the region. The prevalence of underweight among children under 5 years of age is 40%, that of stunting is 36% and that of wasting is 10% according to WHO criteria these rates indicate public health problems (Maps 2, 3 and 4 ). The backward customs in feeding practices and child rearing contribute to child malnutrition.

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Mesures Contre la Denutrition et la Pauvrete

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Le Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM) a adopt? une nouvelle approche concernant la fourniture de l?assistance aux pays. Les deux grands volets fondamentaux de cette initiative en faveur du d?veloppement consistent ? mieux cibler certaines r?gions et ? ?tayer l?aide alimentaire par des activit?s en faveur du d?veloppement rural. Le PAM a toujours ax? son assistance sur l?aide aux politiques de d?veloppement des pays b?n?ficiaires ou des zones consid?r?es comme s...

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Crop Prospects Are Uncertain Due to Below Average Rains in June in...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Rains arrived in late April in southern Burkina Faso and the extreme south of Chad, Mali and Niger, and reached the east of Guinea-Bissau and the extreme south-east of Senegal in late May and the east of The Gambia in early June. First rains were also registered in southern Mauritania. Seasonably dry conditions continue to prevail in Cape Verde. Land preparation and planting are in progress following the onset of the rains. However, cumulative rainfall as of lat...

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Effects of Multilateral Trade Liberalization on Fresh and Processe...

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Introduction: This document presents a quantitative analysis of the probable effects of liberalizing citrus trade on the demand, supply and trade flows in and between major citrus producer and consumer countries and/or regions. Comparative static analyses are carried out with the aid of two partial equilibrium, single commodity, multi-country models. The models, one for fresh citrus and another one for citrus juices, simulate the effects of trade liberalization by compar...

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El Turismo Como Base Del Desarrollo Sostenible en la Montana Visio...

By: S. K. Nepal

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: El a?o 2002 tiene un significado especial para las regiones de monta?a de todo el mundo, ya que no s›lo es el A?o Internacional de las Monta?as sino tambi?n el A?o Internacional del Ecoturismo. Las monta?as, con su belleza remota y majestuosa, figuran entre los destinos mÿs populares del ecoturismo, y el turismo de monta?a puede ser un factor clave para centrar el inter?s en ambos aspectos: el mejoramiento general de la calidad de vida de las poblaciones mediant...

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Au-Dela de Lamenagement Durable des Forets

By: Lennart Ljungman

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: Les ressources foresti?res s?amenuisent constamment, alors qu?elles sont appel?es ? produire une plus vaste gamme de biens et de services. Les causes de la d?forestation et de la d?gradation des for?ts sont nombreuses et varient en fonction du type de for?t, du lieu et des circonstances ?conomiques et sociales. Le d?clin attendu des ressources foresti?res ne devrait pas avoir d?impact significatif sur le volume total des approvisionnements mondiaux en bois, mais...

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Fao/Who Consultation Principles and Guidelines for Incorporating Q...

By: Steve Hathaway

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: 1 Risk evaluation Although a biological rather than a microbiological hazard in food, T. saginata provides a good example of the establishment of food safety measures in New Zealand based on quantitative risk assessment (QRA). This parasite is found at varying prevalence in cattle in most countries of the world, and human infections (the final host) through ingestion of viable cysts in meat are common. T. saginata usually causes relatively mild symptoms and is readily treated.

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Global Accuracy Boundaries

By: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Nutrition Reference Publication

Excerpt: In this section readers will be presented with a step-by-step approach aiming at the following propositions and conclusions: (a) At equal sample size accuracy in concave populations is lower than in flat or convex populations. (b) Sampling accuracy in concave and binary populations with 0-1 elements at equal proportions, is a global minimum for all population types and can therefore be used to formulate lower accuracy boundaries for concave populations. Such bou...

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